"Burned Land", painting by Faton Kryeziu


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Lessons from the Battlefield: The Smell of War

By on January 20, 2018

I wrote a book titled “The Smell of War: Lessons from the Battlefield”. It has now been published by a publishing house in Kosovo.
It’s about (what else?) the wars in Bosnia and Kosovo. It took me a long time to write it, having it edited, and finally, prepare everything…

Field manuals or practical experience: A KLA instructor training a group of soldiers


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On Field Manuals

By on October 14, 2017

If you are in a regular army, you follow the field manuals: that’s why they were written.
Field manuals are usually used in training. The officers or non commissioned officers (NCOs) are reading them and base their training on the content of these field manuals.
If they would do otherwise, they…

Battlefield Hygiene: A Soldier with C Company, 1st Battalion, 61st Infantry Regiment brushes his teeth on a cold morning at the Victory Forge field training exercise on Fort Jackson, South Carolina. (U.S. Army photo by Sgt. 1st Class Brian Hamilton) 3/3/2017 By: Uniformed Services University Human Performance Resource Center Staff Share this page Social Media Links Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on GooglePlus Email this page Other Social Media Recommended Content: Dental Care | Human Performance Resource Center Poor oral health adversely affects readiness and could cost you your career, but it’s something you can prevent. Despite advances in dental care and hygiene, deployed service members are still at risk of trench mouth – technically referred to as necrotizing periodontal disease (NPD). This condition can lead to painful ulcers, spontaneous gum bleeding and a foul taste in your mouth. The good news is there are things you can do to reduce your risk of trench mouth. Learn how to be proactive and prevent NPD. Also, schedule regular visits to your dentist when possible. Poor Hygiene You might have little to no time for oral hygiene when you’re deployed, which can cause you to fall out of your normal routine of brushing and flossing. Solution: Pack a few travel-size tubes of toothpaste, dental floss, and a travel toothbrush in your kit, and establish a routine as quickly as possible. Tobacco Use Using tobacco products can lead to gum disease by reducing blood flow to your gums, which can lead to tooth loss and mouth infections. Solution: It’s never too late to quit. Check out these great tips to become tobacco-free. Poor Nutrition Eating right can be challenging in the field. But not eating enough food or the right foods can cause vitamin and mineral deficiencies that reduce your ability to fight oral infections. Solution: Although MREs can’t replicate the tastes of a home-cooked meal, they’re nutritionally balanced to prevent vitamin and mineral deficiencies. Eat a variety of MREs and as many of the components as you can to make sure you get all the nutrients they provide. Stress Too much stress can adversely affect your performance and overall health, including dental health. Stress can cause dry mouth and sore, inflamed gums. Solution: Check out HPRC’s Stress Management section for ways to manage your stress. While activities like yoga, meditation, or journaling are very calming, try exercise, reading, or playing card games to help reduce stress too. Disclaimer: Re-published content may have been edited for length and clarity. Read original post. You also may be interested in... All (95) Articles (91) Infographics (2) More » Videos (1) Photos (1) Watch out for 'hidden' sugars Article 7/14/2017 Some sugars occur naturally in fruits and milk products. However, other sugars are added to foods and drinks during preparation, processing, or at your table. (U.S. Marine Corps photo by Cpl. Caleb McDonald) Some sugars occur naturally in fruits and milk products. However, other sugars are added to foods and drinks during preparation, processing, or at your table. Recommended Content: Nutrition | Human Performance Resource Center Eat a rainbow of colorful produce Article 6/12/2017 For adults, the current daily recommendation is 2-3 cups of vegetables and 2 cups of fruit. Remember that raw, cooked, steamed, grilled, and broiled varieties all count, so fill half your plate with fruits and vegetables at mealtimes. (U.S. Army photo by Honey Nixon) Eating colorful fruits and veggies can help reduce your risk of stroke, heart disease, diabetes and some cancers too Recommended Content: Nutrition | Human Performance Resource Center Summertime food safety Article 5/30/2017 The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates one in six Americans get sick from foodborne illnesses, including those associated with poorly cooked or stored foods in hot environments. To avoid this, follow good cooking tips. Cook foods thoroughly. Use a food thermometer to check for doneness. Make sure cooked foods have reached a safe internal temperature. (U.S. Air Force photo) The CDC estimates one in six Americans get sick from foodborne illnesses Recommended Content: Summer Safety | Nutrition | Human Performance Resource Center Protect your back during your PCS Article 5/22/2017 Service members and their families relocate a lot, and moving to a new home is hard enough without adding a back injury to the mix. So be mindful of how you’re lifting and moving while you’re packing up and loading up. (U.S. Navy photo) Service members and their families relocate a lot, and moving to a new home is hard enough without adding a back injury to the mix Recommended Content: Human Performance Resource Center | Preventive Health The scoop on probiotic and prebiotic foods Article 5/5/2017 Prebiotic foods include bananas, onions, garlic, leeks, asparagus, artichokes, and whole grains. (Courtesy photo) Benefits from eating foods with probiotics and prebiotics occur when they’re part of a diet that includes whole grains, fruits, vegetables and low-fat sources of dairy and protein Recommended Content: Nutrition | Human Performance Resource Center Daily nutrition strategies for endurance Article 4/26/2017 Fueling for endurance events starts by eating a balanced diet, high in variety. Consuming carbs from various sources before training and throughout each day will be keep you energized. Protein after your workouts will help you recover from your workout so you can train again tomorrow. (U.S. Army photo) Performance nutrition really begins during training, when you consistently fuel your body with the proper amounts and kinds of calories and nutrients Recommended Content: Nutrition | Physical Activity | Human Performance Resource Center How to run hills Article 4/24/2017 Service members of Joint Task Force Guantanamo and Naval Station Guantanamo Bay run up John Paul Jones Hill. Running hills is one of the best ways to get in shape, as long as you run them correctly. Your form is important for running uphill, just like it is for running on flat ground. (U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Kellie Bliss) Running hills is one of the best ways to get in shape, as long as you run them correctly Recommended Content: Physical Activity | Human Performance Resource Center What's Changing Under the TRICARE Dental Program? Infographic 4/19/2017 Changes are coming to the TRICARE Dental Program. Under the TRICARE Dental Program, access to care is guaranteed. Premiums are lower for all beneficiaries, while including $200 more in benefits per year. Preventative sealants are now fully covered, and automatic enrollment for children now occurs at age 4. Additionally, the TRICARE Dental program also features enhanced benefits for enrollees with chronic conditions and special needs. To find a dentist, visit the TRICARE dental network online at http://www.uccitdp.com. For more information about improvements to the TRICARE Dental Program, visit https://go.usa.gov/xXQRr. For general information about the TRICARE Dental Program, visit https://www.tricare.mil/tdp, or call 1-844-652-4061 for CONUS inquiries or 1-844-653-4060 for OCONUS inquiries. Beginning May 1, 2017, United Concordia will assume responsibility for administering the TRICARE Dental Program, replacing the outgoing dental contractor, MetLife. With the new contract comes enhanced benefits and other changes. You can learn more at www.tricare.mil/tdp. Recommended Content: Dental Care Boost your push-up performance Article 4/18/2017 Push-ups are a simple, but telling, exercise. They measure your upper-body strength and endurance, but they’re often a sticking point for service members during their fitness tests. So, how can you improve your push-up performance? The short answer is: Do more push-ups. (U.S. Air Force photo by Louis Briscese) Practicing your push-ups is the best way to increase your strength and endurance Recommended Content: Physical Activity | Human Performance Resource Center Exercise intensity: Less isn’t always more Article 4/5/2017 Army Reserve Sgt. Mindy Baptist (center), stretches out after morning battalion physical training exercise. Not every workout needs to top out the intensity scale. In fact, doing too much too often can lead to overtraining and injury. Remember to listen to your body and incorporate rest or light days into your workout regimen. (U.S. Army photo by Sgt. Aaron Berogan) Exercise intensity is relative, so you can benefit from exercise at a level that you consider high intensity Recommended Content: Physical Activity | Human Performance Resource Center DoD campaign guides military community on use of supplements Article 3/23/2017 Operation Supplement Safety aims to help people make informed, responsible decisions on supplement use. (U.S. Air Force graphic) A DoD initiative through the Human Performance Resource Center, offers guidance to people about the potential benefits and dangers of using supplements Recommended Content: Nutrition | Human Performance Resource Center Military dentists do much more than ‘drill and fill’ Article 3/21/2017 U.S. Army Capt. John Mann (left), 129th Area Support Medical Company dentist, prepares dental instruments for an exam at Bagram Airfield, Afghanistan. Dental technicians perform oral cleanings, prepare dental instruments and assist dentists with procedures. (U.S. Air Force photo by Senior Airman Justyn M. Freeman) Dentists do a range of tasks to make sure patients are well taken care of, including cleaning teeth, educating people about dental hygiene and ensuring that everyone is comfortable and knowledgeable about what is going on during a dental visit Recommended Content: Dental Care Six ways to “spring performance forward” Article 3/10/2017 Warmer temperatures and longer days mean more opportunities to get outside. Exercising outdoors can calm your nervous system, help you recover from stressful events, and improve your overall well-being. (DoD photo) Six ways to leverage the longer periods of daylight and spring your performance forward. Recommended Content: Human Performance Resource Center | Physical Activity | Sleep | Nutrition Upcoming exercises in Latin America help Air Force achieve total dental readiness Article 3/7/2017 Eduardo Sanchez, a Dominican student, gets his teeth repaired at the Rio San Juan clinic, Dominican Republic. Sanchez is one of more than 400 patients that received dental care during a Dental Readiness Training Exercise, an exercise where U.S. military dentists and dental technicians partnered with dental professionals from the Dominican Republic, and practiced their craft in an expeditionary environment. (U.S. Air Force photo by Master Sgt. Chenzira Mallory) Air Force dentists, hygienists and dental technicians are gearing up for three Dental Readiness Training Exercises in Latin America Recommended Content: Dental Care | Health Readiness Poor dental health leading cause of readiness issues Article 2/24/2017 Air Force Lt. Col. Val Hagans and Army Spc. Laketa Bryant extract a patient's wisdom teeth at Kirkuk Regional Air Base, Iraq in 2010. (Photo by Air Force Staff Sgt. Tabitha Kuykendall) Good dental health is important to overall readiness. The Military Health System has made improvements to its dental readiness. 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Personal Hygiene On The Battlefield

By on August 6, 2017

Battlefield hygiene has one simple rule:
There are three body parts that you must keep clean, even on the battlefield. If one of those parts gets infected or causes you any other trouble, the war will be over for you:
Your teeth
I always had a toothbrush with me. I used the…

Failed Missions: A burned RH-53D helicopter during the failed mission to liberate US hostages in Iran, April 1980, Wikimedia Commons


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Failed Missions

By on July 29, 2017

When a combat mission ends in failure, the last thing you want to do is to punish the soldiers who were executing it.
There are hundreds of possible reasons for failed missions and therefore your first priority should always be to determine what went wrong, why and how it can…

Intuition may save lives: A US military vehicle approaching an Improvised explosive device (IED), hidden on a roadside. Credits: US Africa Command


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A Soldier’s Sixth Sense: Premonition And Intuition

By on June 24, 2017

Usually people call it the “sixth sense”, but the military term for this phenomenon is “premonition and intuition”.
Soldiers who fought for a long time on the battlefield have often developed sharper senses. Their bodies and minds are adapting to a survival situation:
After you have been away from any artificial…

Terrorism: Roadside bomb detonating in Iraq. Credits: U.S. Air Force Photo by Staff Sgt. Samuel Bendet


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Battle Tactics Psychology

The Roots Of Terrorism

By on June 7, 2017

Sometimes, we wonder why so many of the major terrorist organizations seem to be Islamic. Are all terrorists Muslims?
The problem is that we often think of terrorism as a morally reprehensible behavior and not as a military tactic.
Terrorism however, is the tactic of the weak. If you want to…

Escape: A railway bridge near Pantina, Kosovo on the escape route. Credits by the author


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By on June 4, 2017

A friend of mine pulled off one the most daring escapes while we were soldiers in the Kosovo War. Normally we were only operating in the mountains, but one afternoon my buddy decided to change into civilian clothes and go to the next city to buy a mobile phone.

Miguel in Brazzaville Congo, 1997, Photo by David Guttenfelder with friendly permission


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War Stories

In Memoriam: Miguel Gil Moreno De Mora (June 21, 1967 – May 24, 2000)

By on May 24, 2017

There are all kinds of reporters, but usually they are annoying. However, once in a while you meet someone who is not only a decent fellow, but a great guy:
One morning in late autumn, there was a group of reporters waiting outside our Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) base. Five…

Not yet Megacity Warfare: West Beirut, 1983. The Lebanese civil war raged for more than fifteen years and a lot of the fighting happened in Beirut. Credits: Wikimedia Commons


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Battle Tactics

Megacity Warfare Tactics

By on May 19, 2017

Megacities are urban areas that have a population of more than ten million people. Because of their size and other special characteristics, warfare in a megacity has its particularities:
The main problem for an attacking force in a megacity is the large surface they have to deal with:
A skyscraper takes…

Risk of Death: Foreign volunteers had a much higher risk to die during the Bosnian War,Foreign volunteers fighting on the Croat side on the frontline in Bosnia


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Battle Tactics

The True Risk of Death in War

By on May 3, 2017

Statistics and absolute numbers can’t determine the risk of death of an individual on the battlefield.
You can fight in a war with relatively few casualties on your side (like the US forces in Iraq and Afghanistan) and still get killed. On the other hand, your whole unit might be…

Roland Bartetzko
Prishtinë, Kosovë

This blog was created by Roland Bartetzko with the help and support of his friends. Bartetzko served in the German Army, the Croatian Defense Council (HVO) during the Bosnian War and with the Kosovo Liberation Army (UCK) during the 1999 Kosovo War. Last year he published a study about radical Islam in Kosovo. Bartetzko has a university degree in law and is currently working for a law firm in Pristina, Kosovo. The aim of this blog is to show the wide range of aspects which are all named "unconventional warfare" and show them from different angles and perspectives. A person interested in learning about counterinsurgency might get new insights if he or she is reading about the insurgent's point of view. And persons who are worried that their country might be overrun one day by a bigger and stronger neighbor will find some useful advice how to prepare themselves. This site is for everybody who is interested in the matter and we therefore try to avoid special military terms which might not be easily understandable for a civilian. Thus said, we are far from perfect. To make this website special we need your help! If you have a comment, a suggestion or if you want to contribute with an article or post, don't hesitate and contact us!

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    • My book is out and you can get it on Amazon.
    • Two Kosovo Liberation Army soldiers during a break in battle. Ashlan village, Kosovo, 1999.
    • Two soldiers of the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) preparing an improvised meal on the frontline, 1999
    • French Foreign Legion paratroopers at the battle of Dien Bien Phu, 1954. The first paras of the Legion were the German veterans of Crete and Monte Cassino.

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    The Guerrilla Quote:
    “The only thing harder than to get a new idea into the military mind is to get an old one out." -B.H. Liddell Hart, military theorist-