Soldiers on patrol,Photo: US Army


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Battle Tactics

On effective ambush tactics

By on November 17, 2016

During my time in the Kosovo Liberation Army ambushes were an important part of our tactics. Through them we were provided with weapons and badly needed ammunition.

To set up an ambush is a difficult task, so let’s keep it simple: We want to attack a truck which is carrying…

One of the hardest boot camps: USMC Camp Pendleton


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The hardest boot camp

By on November 16, 2016

This is a list of military boot camps which I consider the hardest. Every soldier who went through such a camp knows that the real problem is not the physical part, but not to surrender.

Instructors try to “break” you through sleep deprivation and a lot of psychological pressure. Therefore,…

Weapon malfunctions can happen anytime: A machine gun position in Bosnia, 1995, Credit: Author


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What to do when your weapon is jammed?

By on November 14, 2016

This happened to me twice in combat.

The first time was during Operation Mistral2 in Bosnia.
I was assigned to our machine gunner when we were called to cover the retreat of a Croatian Reconnaissance element which had come under enemy fire. One of their soldiers was shot in the leg. After we…

Prison window, Iron Bars, Prison, Pixabay Public Domain CC0


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How to survive a Prisoner of War camp?

By on November 14, 2016

During the war in Bosnia I once saw a soldier sitting all by himself in the chow hall. He didn’t talk to anybody, didn’t touch his food and I saw that one of his ears was missing. Later on, one of my comrades told me his story:

This Croatian soldier…


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War Stories

My First Battle

By on November 14, 2016

I remember my first night before battle.

The Croats in Bosnia had assembled almost 20.000 troops, which was about half their army, to make a decisive attack against the positions of the Bosnian army. My unit was right in the middle. Preparations had already started days before the attack. Nobody…

A group of soldiers on the frontline in Central Bosnia, 1995; Credits by the author


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Battle Tactics

What is Guerrilla Warfare like?

By on November 13, 2016

A lot of hardship.

I fought in a guerrilla war during my time with the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA). You only move in small groups. Often nobody is giving you orders and it’s all up to your own initiative if, when and where you attack the enemy.
In a guerrilla war…

Soldiers resting. Credits : Pixabay CC0 Public Domain


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Where and how to sleep at the frontline?

By on October 12, 2016

First of all, forget to sleep on the frontline!

During the war in Bosnia I spent my first nights in a cellar at the frontline in Mostar. There was small arms fire 24/7.
Although I knew that I was safe in that cellar, as soon as I closed my eyes I…

combat sleep: soldiers of 1st battalion, 24th infantry division, credit flickr, CC0


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How long can you fight without sleep?

By on May 12, 2016

Combat and sleep don’t go well together and soldiers on the battlefield will be confronted very soon with sleep deprivation. After only one night without sleep you will have trouble to keep your eyes open. The longest I went without sleep in combat was maybe 36 hours, not more….

Anti guerrilla tactics: Two KLA fighters during battle in Kosovo, 199. credits by the author


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Battle Tactics

The best tactics for fighting a Guerrilla

By on April 11, 2016

There is no quick solution when it comes to successfully fighting a guerrilla army. Patience is demanded.
There’s also no cheap solution. Guerrilla wars are tedious affairs. Therefore the first thing a counterinsurgency or anti guerrilla force has to do is to be ready for a long and costly campaign.


Roland Bartetzko
Prishtinë, Kosovë

This blog was created by Roland Bartetzko with the help and support of his friends. Bartetzko served in the German Army, the Croatian Defense Council (HVO) during the Bosnian War and with the Kosovo Liberation Army (UCK) during the 1999 Kosovo War. Last year he published a study about radical Islam in Kosovo. Bartetzko has a university degree in law and is currently working for a law firm in Pristina, Kosovo. The aim of this blog is to show the wide range of aspects which are all named "unconventional warfare" and show them from different angles and perspectives. A person interested in learning about counterinsurgency might get new insights if he or she is reading about the insurgent's point of view. And persons who are worried that their country might be overrun one day by a bigger and stronger neighbor will find some useful advice how to prepare themselves. This site is for everybody who is interested in the matter and we therefore try to avoid special military terms which might not be easily understandable for a civilian. Thus said, we are far from perfect. To make this website special we need your help! If you have a comment, a suggestion or if you want to contribute with an article or post, don't hesitate and contact us!

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    • Two Kosovo Liberation Army soldiers during a break in battle. Ashlan village, Kosovo, 1999.
    • Two soldiers of the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) preparing an improvised meal on the frontline, 1999
    • French Foreign Legion paratroopers at the battle of Dien Bien Phu, 1954. The first paras of the Legion were the German veterans of Crete and Monte Cassino.

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