Risk of Death: Foreign volunteers had a much higher risk to die during the Bosnian War,Foreign volunteers fighting on the Croat side on the frontline in Bosnia


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Battle Tactics

The True Risk of Death in War

By on May 3, 2017

Statistics and absolute numbers can’t determine the risk of death of an individual on the battlefield.
You can fight in a war with relatively few casualties on your side (like the US forces in Iraq and Afghanistan) and still get killed. On the other hand, your whole unit might be…

KLA soldiers during wartime training


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Basic Infantry Training During Wartime

By on April 22, 2017

Give them a gun, quickly teach them how to use it and then send them into battle: that’s what we did with new soldiers in Kosovo.
Sometimes we got new and untrained volunteers and as there was a lot of fighting going on, we simply didn’t always have sufficient time…

Guerrilla Warfare Tactics: A Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) soldier is waiting for the enemy to engage, Kosovo 1999, Credits: by Visar Kryeziu


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Battle Tactics

Guerrilla Warfare Tactics in Battles

By on April 5, 2017

“Guerrilla” means “small war” and small war tactics are not an appropriate method to win battles.
The Guerrilla usually avoids bigger engagements with the enemy. However, in the last phase of a protracted war, bigger battles are inevitable if the Guerrilla army wants to achieve its strategic goals.
During the battle…

Surprising outcome: Two Kosovo Liberation Army fighters at their base in the mountains


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War Stories

War Stories: A Surprising Outcome

By on March 17, 2017

One day a farmer came to our base in the mountains of Kosovo and told us that he had fled from the fighting in his village. He said that there was still a large amount of wheat flour there and all we had to do was go to the…

No boot camp: German infantry recruits during basic training. A realistic training scenario helps the new soldiers to understand their mission and what is expected of them.


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The Logic Behind Boot Camps

By on March 8, 2017

Boot camps do one thing: they exert psychological pressure on the recruits to see if and how they cope with it.
Lack of sleep, stringent discipline, the yelling and physical exercises, all combined raise a recruit’s stress levels.
It is often said that the mental pressure that recruits experience in boot…

Ammunition management is of utmost importance during a combat mission. A lot of things to carry:Royal Dutch engineers personal equipment for a mission in Helmand province, Afghanistan 2014, Credits: http://www.megacurioso.com.br/historia-e-geografia/45169-fotografo-produz-serie-com-objetos-de-soldados-ingleses-de-1066-a-2014.htm, CC0


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Ammunition Management on Combat Patrols

By on March 2, 2017

On combat patrols, soldiers have to carry many items, but most weight and a lot of place is taken by their ammunition. Here are some tips how to better pack your rounds and at the same time increase combat efficiency:

On patrols I always carried some loose rounds of ammunition…

Urban survival: How to get away from a warzone


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Escape Tactics: How to get out of a Warzone?

By on February 25, 2017

Stealth is more important than speed when you are trying to escape from a war zone, therefore you want to ride something inconspicuous:

An old and battered civilian car is perfect. Nobody will think that you are a rich person and try to rob you and you also won’t be…

Night Fighting: US Army Rangers fire a 120 mm mortar at night.By Pfc. Nathaniel Newkirk [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons


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Battle Tactics War Stories

Guerrilla Night Operations

By on February 20, 2017

Warfare has a lot to do with psychology and it’s up to you if you are scared of night operations or if you make the night your friend.

I always preferred to fight at night and felt much more comfortable in the dark than at daytime. In the Kosovo Liberation…


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Sleep Deprivation on the Battlefield

By on February 13, 2017

Caffeine, nicotine and other stimulants don’t solve your sleep deprivation problems, but only make them worse. The only way to overcome sleep deprivation is to sleep. Even in a combat situation, most soldiers will adapt and find some rest. Here are some tips:

Sleep alone. The army likes to have everyone…

Abandoned building in urban area


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Urban Survival Tactics

By on February 7, 2017

Many survival manuals treat the aspects of wilderness survival, but not much is written about how to survive in the city. More and more of the world’s population live in urban areas and therefore it is necessary to have a closer look at this special environment; not only with…

Roland Bartetzko
Prishtinë, Kosovë

This blog was created by Roland Bartetzko with the help and support of his friends. Bartetzko served in the German Army, the Croatian Defense Council (HVO) during the Bosnian War and with the Kosovo Liberation Army (UCK) during the 1999 Kosovo War. Last year he published a study about radical Islam in Kosovo. Bartetzko has a university degree in law and is currently working for a law firm in Pristina, Kosovo. The aim of this blog is to show the wide range of aspects which are all named "unconventional warfare" and show them from different angles and perspectives. A person interested in learning about counterinsurgency might get new insights if he or she is reading about the insurgent's point of view. And persons who are worried that their country might be overrun one day by a bigger and stronger neighbor will find some useful advice how to prepare themselves. This site is for everybody who is interested in the matter and we therefore try to avoid special military terms which might not be easily understandable for a civilian. Thus said, we are far from perfect. To make this website special we need your help! If you have a comment, a suggestion or if you want to contribute with an article or post, don't hesitate and contact us!

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    • Two Kosovo Liberation Army soldiers during a break in battle. Ashlan village, Kosovo, 1999.
    • Two soldiers of the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) preparing an improvised meal on the frontline, 1999
    • French Foreign Legion paratroopers at the battle of Dien Bien Phu, 1954. The first paras of the Legion were the German veterans of Crete and Monte Cassino.

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    “The only thing harder than to get a new idea into the military mind is to get an old one out." -B.H. Liddell Hart, military theorist-